Speaker: Dr. EvenComfort Hvinden
Affiliation: The University of Tromsø – The ArcticUniversity of Norway
Bio: Even S. Hvinden (PhD BI NorwegianBusiness School, 2021) is an associate professor of economics at the University of Tromsø. His research combines game theory and econometrics to study competition and conflict in resource markets.
Subject: Violence and black markets: Evidence from theNiger Delta conflict
Abstract: We use original data on the locations, attacks, and black market activities of militant commanders in the Niger Delta conflict to show that a peace agreement led to large declines in petroleum sector violence and sustained growth in oil theft. We derive a bargaining model to demonstrate that a state may al- low resource theft from powerful rebels in black markets with favorable cost conditions. We find that post-conflict oil theft is elevated, and government enforcement is muted in these areas. Our analysis highlights how local economic conditions and relative military capabilities jointly shape incentives for participants in resource conflicts.
The paper is available here
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